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History of Newcastle

Newcastle upon Tyne – or just ‘Newcastle’ as it is most often referred to – is one of the most famous cities in Great britain, famous for its industrial heritage, eponymous brown ale, popular nightlife and distinctive regional ‘Geordie’ dialect.

 

Located in the North East of England on the banks of the River Tyne, the city has gone through a number of transformations since it began life as a Roman fort on Hadrian’s Wall in 122AD. The settlement was called Pons Aelius, or Aelian Bridge in Latin, ‘Aelian’ being the family name of Emperor Hadrian. In the wake of the Roman’s departure from Great britain in 410AD, Pons Aelius was renamed Monkchester and subsumed into the powerful Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria.

 

The twentieth century and beyond

In contrast to the prosperity of the eighteen and 19th centuries, Newcastle and the rest of Tyne and Wear witnessed a stable decline in heavy industry in the interwar period of the early twentieth century and unemployment grew steadily after the economic depression of the 1930s. The last remaining colliery in Newcastle closed in 1956 and the lack of investment and competitive Eastern European and South East Asian markets had a similar impact on the region’s ailing shipyards between 1970-1990.

 

Nonetheless, over the past fifty years heavy industry has given way to a boost in the public and retail sectors and mass regeneration. Newcastle has developed itself into a cultural landmark and is now well known for being the business and social hub of the North East. In contrast to its industrial heritage, the city is also famous for its environmental awareness and is even preparing to become the first Carbon Neutral town within the uk.

Getting here

Newcastle is very easily accessible by both road and rail. Adstyle are proud to live and work in and around Newcastle.